to a newly chosen king of theirs, one of their own
people, who enlisted the aid of their kinsmen the Ammonites.
The allies commanded a great host, and Hadad was
overwhelmed. These wars were followed by others between
Hadad of Edom. and Abimenos of Kittim. The latter was
the attacking party, and he invaded Seir with a mighty army.
The sons of Seir were defeated abjectly, their king Hadad
was taken captive, and then executed by Abimenos, and
Seir was made a province subject to Kittim and ruled by a
Thus ended the independence of the sons of Esau.
Henceforth they had to pay tribute to Kittim, over which
Abimenos ruled until his death, in the thirty-eighth year of